Agency and ICT in Women’s Empowerment: Experiences from Afghanistan
Dr. Faheem Hussain, Dr. Sara Amin & Mashiat Mostafa
Keywords: ICT4D; Agency; Afghanistan; Women; Empowerment; Gender
In this paper, we review some of the literature on the conceptualization of women’s empowerment, as well as research on ICT impact on women’s empowerment to suggest that if ICT is going to be an effective tool in the promotion of empowerment of women, it needs to go past issues related to access, affordability, availability and awareness. Exploring findings from a qualitative study in Afghanistan, we suggest that both for monitoring and for policy development, it is important to look at how ICTis enhancing women’s agency and how ICT can further enhance women’s agency. Our research is an effort towards figuring out new ways to evaluate the role of ICT for sustainable development, where women’s empowerment is integral.